Jokowi Revokes Hundreds Of Land Permits For Mining, Forestry, Plantation

This paper summarizes the prevailing follow of coal mining, masking the regulatory elements and their reclamation obligations, the practices of coal mining from numerous sites with different land characteristics, and the reclamation efforts of the post-mining landscapes in Indonesia. The laws issued accommodate the distinction between mining land inside the forest area and outdoors the forest space, particularly in the side of the permit authority and in evaluating the success fee of reclamation. In coal-mining practices, this paper describes ranging from land clearing actions and followed by storing soil layers and overburden supplies. In this step, correct handling of potentially acid-forming materials is crucial to forestall acid mine drainage. At the reclamation stage, this paper sequentially presents analysis results and the sphere functions in rearranging the overburden and soil materials, controlling acid mine drainage and erosion, and managing the drainage system, settling ponds, and pit lakes. Several success stories describe that post-coal-mining lands could be returned to forests that provide ecosystem services and items.

Khaterine William

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